As yoga continues to grow in popularity, we have seen many types of yoga merge onto the culture
If you find yourself in a major city, or even in some rural towns, you can probably find a yoga class to attend. But the question becomes: which class do I go to? And which one is right for me?
Today, you can find Power Yoga, Hot Yoga, Ashtanga Yoga, Kundalini Yoga, Yin Yoga, and many more from which to choose.
Selecting the type of yoga to attend is like standing in the cereal aisle at the grocery store: there's just so many colorful boxes facing you, enticing you. Which flavor do you select?
Which one is going to taste the best? Which one is the healthiest for you? Trying to select the best yoga class near you can be a similar dilemma. To help you make a decision about what type of yoga is best for you as you start your yoga journey, let's begin with a history of Yoga. Let's take a look at where yoga came from and how it has evolved over the centuries and landed in this current era.
The History of Yoga
The Pre-Classical Era of Yoga
Essentially, there are four historical eras of Yoga that will help us track its timeline. The first is the Pre-Classical Era of Yoga. It is safe to say that yoga, or at least the first mention of yoga, was about 5,000 years ago in the northern region of India. Long before yoga was a moving practice with downward facing dogs and tree poses, yoga was an oral philosophy. The basis of this philosophy, taught by the Vedic priests, was to teach self-knowledge and internal wisdom. The historical Vedic religion, which probably dates as far back as 1500 BC, was the practice and belief of the time. It's declarations were eventually written in the now classic Upanishads that includes well over 200 scriptures for study. The most famous of these ancient scriptures is called The Bhaghavad Gita which you can find and read today.
The Classical Era of Yoga
Related article: Yoga as a Lifestyle: 8 limbs of yoga
The Post-Classical Era of Yoga
Now that there was a consolidated reference of yoga in the Yoga Sutras, yogis could continue their traditional studies, but with all things, a new change was on the horizon. In the Post-Classical Era, a radical set of people emerged declaring that there was a more comprehensive way to reach enlightenment. It was not solely dependent on the mental efforts of study that led people toward greater understanding and awareness. Up until this point, it was thought that enlightenment was something achieved from outside the body. Tantra introduced the notion that the physical body is also a part of that journey. In a practice devoted to cleansing the mind and body, the yogi could see that the physical existence was connected and related to the non-physical realm, thereby a connection to enlightenment, to the Divine. The practice of Tantra Yoga developed in this era.
Tantra traditions have been thought to have been a foundation of many Indian religions including Hinduism and Buddhism. It incorporated a holistic approach for its practitioners that combined the ancient writings and rituals of yoga with a physical practice and meditation. In this era, we also see the practice of worshipping male and female deities and higher beings in addition to the study of the subtle and psychic body. These "new" ideas were a main part of the deeper study and practice of yoga that still exists even today.
The Modern Era of Yoga
Iyengar is known for customizing Hatha Yoga into a collection of 200 yoga poses accompanied by various styles of breath work to enhance healing in an individual. These components were designed to develop a strong, healthy mind, body, and spirit.
A particular feature of Iyengar's style was introducing alignment and precision to the physical yoga practice
He also used props, like straps and blocks, to assist students in various poses. The intention was to build strength, mobility, and stability in the body. Is this all starting to sound familiar? Hatha Yoga is probably the most popular style of yoga practiced in the Western world. It was from these early teachings from people like Iyengar that introduced yoga all over the world.
It is also important to mention Pattabhi Jois. He also influenced the way we practice yoga in the west. He took some of the early teachings (remember the eight limbs from the Classical Era?) and formed a systematic style of yoga practice called Ashtanga. In Sanskrit, the ancient language of yoga, Ashtanga means 'eight limbs'. This school of thought and practice was developed sometime in the 1940's and focused on strength, flexibility, and stamina. Although a highly physical and challenging form of yoga, it did not stray from the ancient traditions of the philosophy.
Remember, Tantra Yoga introduced the notion of cleansing the body, to be pure and void of disease and distraction, so that the whole being, body, mind, and spirit, can reach enlightenment
At first, yoga may have looked like a trend, but we can clearly see that yoga is something that is here to stay
Related article: I want to start practicing yoga, where do I begin?
Now that you know brief history of yoga, the next blog post will help you to look at the various types of yoga that have emerged in our neighborhoods. We will examine the most popular ones and the best for you to practice. And to make it a little easier for you to decide, we will rank the styles from the easiest or least challenging to the most difficult or more challenging.